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Kumdo-Iaido Student Reference Pages

Please see individual belt level pages for more info

You must create a log-in to view belt specific curriculum. Please allow 2-3 days for your log-in to be approved. Please include student name in the log-in request so we can approve your access faster. 


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Rules of Etiquette:

  • Bow to Black Belts in order of rank

  • Bow on and off the mats

  • Answer commands with "Yes sir/ma'am" or "No sir/ma'am"

  • No shoes on the mats

  • Turn away from the flag when adjusting uniform or belt

  • Remove jewelry or watches before class

  • Do not give demonstrations/teach Kumdo outside of the school without permission

  • Bow to flags when ANY other class is bowing, this includes Taekwondo classes.

Kumdo-Iaido Belt Ranking

  • White

  • Yellow

  • Orange

  • Green

  • Blue

  • Purple

  • Brown

  • Red

  • Recommended Black

  • 1st Dan and up

Common Terminology


English--------- Korean


Attention —— Charyot 

Bow ———— Kungye 

Ready ——— Junbi 

Thank you —- Kamsa Habnida 

Begin ———- Shijak 


Student ——- Hayube 

Asst. Inst. —- Jokyonim 

Instructor —- Kyosanim

Master Inst. - Sabumnim 

Grandmaster Inst- Kwanjangnim

Color Belt —- Geup

Jr Black Belt - Poome 

Black Belt —- Dan


*Note- “nim” at the end of instructors is an honorific much like Japanese “~San/Sama” 

Also, Geup ranks start high numbered for white belt, descending to 0 Geup for recommended black belt. Poome is used for age 14 and under, while Dan is older black belts, and are numbered in ascending order (1st dan, then 2nd, 3rd, etc)



0 - yeong

1 - Hana / 1st - il (counting as in forms- “jang” is used as a counter. Il jang, yi jang, etc)

2- Dul / 2nd - yi 

3- set / 3rd - Sam

4- net / 4th - sa 

5- daseot / oh 

6- yaseot / yook 

7- ilgeup / chil

8- yeodeul / pal 

9- ahop / gu

10- Yeol / sip 

20- Seumul 

30- seoreun 

40- maheun 

50- swin 

60- yesun 

70- ilheun 

80- yeodeun

90- aheun

100- baek  


“Romanizing” the Korean language is imperfect and inconsistent from all sources. The only “true” way to see and read the language is with Korean Hangul, but learning this is not a requirement of our students.


Turn Around----- Dorahs

Forward ----------Apwero





Sword Rules of Etiquette:

  • Sword should not be grabbed by the "sharp" edge

    • This applies to all swords, dull, wooden, bamboo, or sharpened​

  • Keep one hand on sword at all times when sheathed

  • Do not use sword as a prop or cane

  • Respect other students swords, do not use or take without asking

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